FAQs that every new parent has


Navigating the early days and weeks of newborn care can often feel overwhelming, especially for first-time parents. As you prepare for this new chapter in your life, you may have countless questions about baby care basics – everything from bringing your newborn home from the hospital to understanding their unique needs and behaviors. This comprehensive guide aims to shed light on some of the most common questions and concerns that arise during this period. Remember, as much as this guide provides valuable insights, it does not replace personalized advice from a certified medical professional.

1. How do I get my baby home?

To bring your baby home from the hospital, you will need a car seat that meets the appropriate safety standards. Make sure the car seat is properly installed in your vehicle before placing your baby in it. Hospitals often have guidelines and may provide instructions on car seat safety and installation.

2. What if my baby needs special care?

If your baby needs special care, such as neonatal intensive care or specialized medical attention, the hospital will provide the necessary support and services. They may have a specialized unit or transfer your baby to a facility equipped to handle your baby's specific needs.

3. Why is my baby crying?

Babies cry for various reasons, including hunger, discomfort, tiredness, needing a diaper change, overstimulation, or simply wanting attention. Crying is their way of communicating. It's important to assess their basic needs and provide comfort and soothing techniques.

4. How do I cope with my crying baby?

To cope with a crying baby, try the following techniques:

  • Check if the baby needs to be fed, changed, or burped.
  • Provide gentle rocking or swaying motions.
  • Offer a pacifier or engage in calming activities, such as singing or playing soft music.
  • Create a calm environment with dim lighting and minimal noise.
  • Try skin-to-skin contact or gentle massages.
  • Seek support from a partner, family member, or friend.

5. What is colic, and what can I do about it?

Colic refers to excessive, often inconsolable crying in infants, typically occurring in the late afternoon or evening. While the exact cause is unknown, it's believed to be related to a combination of factors like digestive issues, an immature nervous system, or overstimulation. To manage colic, try the following:

  • Comfort your baby with gentle movements or a warm bath.
  • Create a calm and soothing environment.
  • Try different feeding techniques or positions.
  • Consider using white noise or gentle rhythmic sounds.
  • Seek support from healthcare professionals or support groups.

6. How do I change my baby's nappy?

To change your baby's nappy/diaper:

  • Gather clean supplies (fresh diaper, wipes and diaper cream if necessary).
  • Lay your baby on a changing mat or a clean, soft surface.
  • Unfasten the dirty diaper and use wipes to clean the diaper area, wiping from front to back for girls.
  • Lift the baby's legs and slide out the dirty diaper.
  • Place a clean diaper under your baby, securing it snugly but not too tight.
  • Fasten the diaper and check for comfort and fit.
  • Dispose of the dirty diaper appropriately.

7. Do I need a routine when caring for my baby?

Establishing a routine can be helpful for both you and your baby. It provides a sense of predictability and can help regulate sleep, feeding, and other activities. However, every family is different, and what works for one may not work for another. It's important to find a routine that suits your baby's needs and your lifestyle while allowing for flexibility.

8. How long should I breastfeed?

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of a baby's life. After six months, complementary foods can be introduced while continuing to breastfeed up to two years or beyond.

9. How often should I sterilize bottles and pacifiers?

It is generally recommended to sterilize bottles and pacifiers before their first use. After that, regular cleaning with hot, soapy water is usually sufficient. However, if your baby is premature or has a weakened immune system, your healthcare provider may recommend continuing sterilization for a longer period of time.

10. Should I wake a sleeping baby to feed him?

In the early days, it is generally recommended to wake a newborn for feeding if they sleep longer than 3-4 hours during the day or 4-5 hours at night. However, every baby is different, and it's best to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice based on your baby's needs.

11. When can I take my newborn out in public?

While recommendations may vary, it is generally safe to take a newborn out in public once they have received their initial vaccinations (usually around 2 months of age). However, it's important to avoid crowded or enclosed spaces during flu season or when there are contagious illnesses prevalent in your area.

12. What is the proper way to dress a newborn?

Newborns should be dressed in clothing that keeps them comfortable and maintains an appropriate body temperature. Dress them in layers that can be easily added or removed, depending on the temperature. Avoid overdressing or using heavy blankets to prevent overheating.

13. What's the ideal temperature for a newborn?

The ideal room temperature for a newborn is between 68°F (20°C) and 72°F (22°C). It's important to monitor the temperature and ensure your baby is dressed appropriately for the conditions.

14. What is considered a fever for a newborn?

In newborns, a rectal temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher is generally considered a fever. If your baby has a fever, it's important to contact your healthcare provider for guidance.

15. How fast is the infant's heart rate?

The normal heart rate for an infant can range between 100 and 160 beats per minute. However, it's best to consult with your healthcare provider for specific information regarding your baby's heart rate.

16. How to stop a baby's hiccups?

To help stop a baby's hiccups, you can try the following:

  • Offer your baby a pacifier or allow them to suck on a clean finger.
  • Gently pat or rub your baby's back to help relax their diaphragm.
  • Try offering small sips of water (for babies older than 6 months) to help reset their breathing pattern.
  • Distraction techniques such as playing or singing may also help.

17. What happens if my newborn doesn't burp?

If your newborn doesn't burp after feeding, it's usually not a cause for concern. Some babies naturally release gas without needing to burp. However, if your baby seems uncomfortable or gassy, you can try the following:

  • Hold your baby upright, and gently pat or rub their back.
  • Try different burping positions, such as over your shoulder or sitting on your lap.
  • Take short breaks during feeding to burp your baby.
  • If your baby continues to show signs of discomfort, consult your healthcare provider for further guidance.

18. Why is my newborn sneezing a lot?

Newborns sneeze frequently, and it is usually normal. Sneezing helps clear their nasal passages of mucus, amniotic fluid, or other irritants. It is a way for their bodies to adjust to the new environment. However, if your baby shows other signs of illness, such as a fever or difficulty breathing, consult your healthcare provider.

19. Why is my newborn's stomach gurgling?

Stomach gurgling sounds in newborns are typically caused by normal digestion and the movement of gas and fluids through their digestive system. As their digestive system matures, these gurgling sounds tend to reduce. However, if your baby shows signs of discomfort, experiences excessive gas, or has other concerning symptoms, consult your healthcare provider.

20. How to clean a newborn tongue?

To clean a newborn's tongue, you can use a clean, damp cloth or a soft-bristled infant toothbrush. Gently wipe the tongue from back to front, being careful not to apply too much pressure. It's important to clean the tongue gently and avoid causing any discomfort or injury.

21. How to cut baby nails without clippers?

If you don't have baby nail clippers, you can try the following alternatives to trim your baby's nails:

  • Use baby nail scissors with rounded tips.
  • Gently file the nails using a soft baby nail file.
  • Consider using mittens or socks to cover your baby's hands temporarily to prevent scratching until you can trim their nails.

22. Can I put lotion on a newborn's face?

It's generally recommended to avoid applying lotion or moisturizer on a newborn's face, especially in the first few weeks. Newborns have delicate skin that is prone to dryness and irritation. If needed, you can apply a small amount of a gentle, fragrance-free baby lotion specifically formulated for the face, but it's best to consult with your healthcare provider first.

23. Should you wash baby clothes before use?

Yes, it is recommended to wash baby clothes before use. New clothes may have residual dyes, chemicals, or irritants from manufacturing or packaging. Washing them with a gentle detergent helps remove these substances and ensures the clothes are clean and safe for your baby's sensitive skin.

24. How long do newborn clothes last?

Newborn clothes are typically designed to fit babies up to around 3 months of age, depending on the size and growth of your baby. However, every baby grows at their own pace, so the duration of use can vary. It's a good idea to have a range of sizes available to accommodate your baby's growth.

25. What size diapers do newborns wear?

Newborns typically wear "Newborn" or "Size 1" diapers, depending on the brand. These diapers are specifically designed to fit newborn babies and provide a snug and comfortable fit.

26. How many diapers does a newborn use a day?

Newborns typically use around 8 to 12 diapers per day, although this can vary depending on their feeding patterns and how often they have bowel movements. It's a good idea to have an ample supply of diapers on hand to meet your baby's needs.

Disclaimer: This guide is not advice provided by a certified medical professional and is intended to provide general information only. Every baby and family's situation is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. While this guide can serve as a helpful starting point in your journey of parenthood, it is important to consult with a healthcare practitioner for personalized advice and support tailored to your baby's specific needs and your unique circumstances.


Bringing a baby into the world can be as challenging as it is rewarding. It's a journey filled with countless learning opportunities, moments of uncertainty, and endless joy. Remember, it's perfectly normal to feel overwhelmed at times and to have numerous questions as you navigate this new role. Utilize the available resources, such as this guide, and reach out to healthcare professionals for tailored advice and support. Tools like the Bibino baby monitor can provide peace of mind, helping you keep a watchful eye on your little one. The journey of parenthood is a marathon, not a sprint, so take your time, trust your instincts, and savor these precious early moments with your newborn.

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